1 a particular style of cookery (as of a region); "New England gastronomy"
2 the art and practice of choosing and preparing and eating good food
Gastronomy is the study of the relationship between culture and food. It is often thought erroneously that the term gastronomy refers exclusively to the art of cooking (see Culinary Arts), but this is only a small part of this discipline: it cannot always be said that a cook is also a gourmet. Gastronomy studies various cultural components with food as its central axis. Thus it is related to the Fine Arts and Social Sciences, and even to the Natural Sciences in terms of the digestive system of the human body.
A gourmet's principal activities involve discovering, tasting, experiencing, researching, understanding and writing about foods. Gastronomy is therefore an inter-disciplinary activity. Good observation will reveal that around the food, there exists dance, dramatic arts, painting, sculpture, literature, architecture, and music; in other words, the Fine Arts. But it also involves physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, geology, agronomy, and also anthropology, history, philosophy, psychology, and sociology. The application of scientific knowledge to cooking and gastronomy has become known as molecular gastronomy.
The first formal study of gastronomy is probably The Physiology of Taste by Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin (early 19th century). As opposed to the traditional cooking recipe books, it studies the relationship between the senses and food, treating enjoyment at the table as a science. Most recently, in 2004, the founders of the Slow Food movement founded the University of Gastronomic Sciences in Bra, Italy, devoted to the principles of gastronomy.
Etymologically, the word "gastronomy" is derived from Ancient Greek gastros "stomach", and nomos "knowledge" or "law".
gastronomy in Arabic: فن طهي الطعام
gastronomy in Aragonese: Gastronomía
gastronomy in Asturian: Gastronomía
gastronomy in Catalan: Gastronomia
gastronomy in Czech: Gastronomie
gastronomy in German: Gastronomie
gastronomy in Spanish: Gastronomía
gastronomy in Esperanto: Gastronomio
gastronomy in French: Gastronomie
gastronomy in Indonesian: Gastronomi
gastronomy in Ido: Gastronomio
gastronomy in Icelandic: Matarfræði
gastronomy in Italian: Gastronomia
gastronomy in Hebrew: גסטרונומיה
gastronomy in Georgian: გასტრონომია
gastronomy in Hungarian: Gasztronómia
gastronomy in Macedonian: Гастрономија
gastronomy in Dutch: Gastronomie
gastronomy in Japanese: ガストロノミー
gastronomy in Norwegian: Gastronomi
gastronomy in Polish: Gastronomia
gastronomy in Portuguese: Gastronomia
gastronomy in Romanian: Gastronomie
gastronomy in Sicilian: Manciuni
gastronomy in Slovak: Gastronómia
gastronomy in Swedish: Gastronomi
gastronomy in Thai: วิทยาการย่อยอาหาร
gastronomy in Turkish: Gastronomi